Saturday, October 11, 2008

Drumming - Documented Medical Benefits

Stress
Blood samples from participants of an hour-long drumming session revealed a reversal of the hormonal stress response and an increase in natural killer cell activity (Bittman, Berk, Felten, Westengard, Simonton, Pappas, Ninehouser, 2001, Alternative Therapies, vol. 7, #1)

Depression
Stanford University School of Medicine conducted a study with 30 depressed people over 80 years of age and found that participants in a weekly music therapy group were less anxious, less distressed and had higher self-esteem (Friedman, Healing Power of the Drum, 1994).

Cancer
Subjects who participated in a clinical trial using the HealthRhythms protocol showed an increase in natural killer cell activity and an enhanced immune system. While this does not indicate a cure for cancer, such results may be of benefit for those facing this disease. (Bittman, Berk, Felten, Westengard, Simonton, Pappas, Ninehouser, 2001, Alternative Therapies, vol. 7, no. 1).

Alzheimer’s Disease
According to Clair, Bernstein and Johnson (1995), Alzheimer’s patients who drum can connect better with loved ones. The predictability of rhythm may provide the framework for repetitive responses that make few cognitive demands on people with dementia.

Parkinson’s Diseases and Stroke
Rhythmic cues can help retrain the brain after a stroke or other neurological impairment, according to Michael Thaurt, director of Colorado State University’s Center of Biomedical Research in Music. Researchers have also discovered that hearing slow, steady rhythms, such as drumbeats, helps Parkinson patients move more steadily (Friedman, Healing Power of the Drum, 1994).

Chronic Pain
Chronic pain has a devastating propensity for progressively draining quality of life. Technology and pharmacology are falling short of the mark needed to improve quality of life and reduce pain, according to Dr. Barry Bittman in the Pain Practitioner. (Lingerman, H. 1995, Music and You. In the Healing Energies of Music. Wheaton, Ill.: Theosophical Publishing House).

Strengthens the Immune System
Objective:To determine the role of group-drumming music therapy as a composite activity with potential for alteration of stress-related hormones and enhancement of immunologic measures associated with natural killer cell activity and cell-mediated immunity.
Conclusions: Drumming is a complex composite intervention with the potential to modulate specific neuroendocrine and neuroimmune parameters in a direction opposite to that expected with the classic stress response. (Composite Effects of Group Drumming Music Therapy on Modulation of Neuroendocrine-Immune Parameters in Normal Subjects (2001)Bittman MD, Berk LS,Felten DL,Westengard J,Simonton OD,Pappas J,Ninehouser MD; Alternative Ther Health Med 2001: 7:38-4)

Improves Mood States and Reduces Burnout
Hypothesis: a cost-effective Yamaha Clavinova-based HealthRHYTHMS Recreational Music-Making protocol reduces burnout and improves mood states in long-term care workers.
What we studied: At Westbury United Methodist Retirement Community we studied 112 employees’ mood states (POMS-Profile of Mood States & MBI-Maslach Burnout Inventory) including: tension/anxiety (T/A), depression/dejection (D/D), anger/hostility (A/H), vigor/activity (V/A), fatigue/inertia (F/I) and confusion/bewilderment (C/B). Total Mood Disturbance (TMD) is the sum of the above mood parameters weighing V/A negatively.
What we found: A 46% improvement in total mood disturbance, and 62% improvement 6 weeks post intervention. Economic Impact projections – a typical 100 bed long-term care facility would expect to experience an 18.3% overall reduction in employee turnover. Retention of 11 of 60 positions predicted to be lost each year would result in an average cost savings of $89,100 per year. Total annual savings to the industry based on an 18.3% decrease in turnover at every long-term care facility is therefore projected at $1.46 billion.
(Recreational Music-Making: A Cost-Effective Group Interdisciplinary Strategy for Reducing Burnout and Improving Mood States in Long-Term Care Workers (2003) Bittman MD, Karl T. Bruhn, Christine Stevens, MSW, MT-BC, James Westengard, Paul O Umbach, MA ;Advances in Mind-Body Medicine Fall/Winter 2003, Vol. 19 No. 3⁄4)

Mood Improvement & Burnout Reduction for Nursing Students
Hypothesis: a cost-effective Mind-Body Wellness Exercise-based HealthRHYTHMS Recreational Music-Making protocol reduces burnout and improves mood states in First Year Associate Degree Nursing Students.
What we studied:At Allegany College of Maryland we studied 75 first year associate degree nursing students’ mood states (POMS-Profile of Mood States & MBI-Maslach Burnout Inventory) including: tension/anxiety, depression/dejection, anger/hostility, vigor/activity, fatigue/inertia and confusion/bewilderment. Total Mood Disturbance (TMD) is the sum of the above mood parameters weighing V/A negatively.
What we found: A 28.1% improvement in total mood disturbance. Economic Impact projections – a typical 105 -student program would expect to retain 2 additional students each year. This improvement in retention rates would result in a projected annual savings of $29.1 million to US Nursing Schools. Extending this analysis to the healthcare arena, these projected retention improvements could result in cost savings of $322,000 for the typical acute care hospital, and more than 1.5 billion for the US healthcare industry. (Recreational Music-Making: An Integrative Group Intervention for Reducing Burnout and Improving Mood States in First Year Associate Degree Nursing Students: Insights and Economic Impact (2004)
Barry Bittman MD , Cherie Snyder MSS, Karl T. Bruhn, Fran Liebfried BSN, M.ED, RN Christine K. Stevens MSW, MT-BC, James Westengard BS, Paul O. Umbach MA; International Journal of Nursing Education Scholarship: Vol. 1: No. 1, Article 12)


Reverses Stress on the Genomic Level
MEADVILLE, PA—A groundbreaking study published in the February 2005 issue of the international research journal Medical Science Monitor shows for the first time that playing a musical instrument can reverse multiple components of the human stress response on the genomic level. The study’s principal investigator, Barry Bittman, M.D. of the Mind-Body Wellness Center in Meadville, PA, says these unique findings not only shed new light on the value of active music participation, but also extend our understanding of individualized human biological stress responses on an unprecedented level. (Recreational Music-Making Modulates the Human Stress Response: A Preliminary Individualized Gene Expression Strategy. (2005) Bittman, B., Berk, L., Shannon, M., Sharaf, M., Westengard, J., Guegler, K.J., and Ruff, D.W. Medical Science Monitor, February 2005)

More References
1. Bittman, M.D., Barry, Karl T. Bruhn, Christine Stevens, MSW, MT-BC, James Westengard, Paul O Umbach, MA, “Recreational Music-Making, A Cost-Effective Group Interdisciplinary Strategy for Reducing Burnout and Improving Mood States in Long-Term Care Workers,” Advances in Mind-Body Medicine, Fall/Winter 2003, Vol. 19 No. 3/4.
2. Winkelman, Michael, Shamanism: The Neural Ecology of Consciousness and Healing. Westport, Conn: Bergin & Garvey; 2000.
3. Bittman, M.D., Barry, “Composite Effects of Group Drumming…,” Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine; Volume 7, No. 1, pp. 38-47; January 2001.
4. Friedman, Robert Lawrence, The Healing Power of the Drum. Reno, NV: White Cliffs; 2000.
5. Mikenas, Edward, “Drums, Not Drugs,” Percussive Notes. April 1999:62-63. 6. Diamond, John, The Way of the Pulse – Drumming with Spirit, Enhancement Books, Bloomingdale IL. 1999.
7. Winkelman, Michael, “Complementary Therapy for Addiction: Drumming Out Drugs,” American Journal of Public Health; Apr 2003, Vol. 93 Issue 4, p647, 5p

8 Comments:

At 3:59 AM, Blogger fairy said...

Thanks for the great post, I started my career in nursing after finishing a associate degree in nursing from associate degree nursing schools

 
At 11:15 PM, Blogger Martin said...

Other than the Pfizer manufactured anti-impotency medicine viagra, you can also avail of other various other natural erectile dysfunction cures such as herbs, amino acid, body steroid supplement et al to relieve yourself from the grip of impotency. All these treatment procedures are termed as natural Viagra and to known more on these natural erectile dysfunction treatments, log in to the website http://www.viagraforce.com.

 
At 6:16 AM, Blogger sandra said...

Yes, Erectile dysfunction can be successfully treated in the vast majority of individuals. In fact, there have never been more treatment options; you can buy viagra for treatment of erectile dysfunction related problems. Most men regain their ability to have intercourse using one or more of the options available.

 
At 5:30 AM, Blogger SundayRose said...

Propecia is a steroid reductase inhibitor, works by reducing the amount of the hormone dihydrotestosterone in the body. This may block certain types of hair loss in men.

 
At 10:33 PM, Blogger mollyabraham said...

Levitra (Vardenafil HCl) is an approved oral prescription medication for the treatment of Erectile Dysfunction, generally known as impotence, in men.

 
At 11:57 PM, Blogger mollyabraham said...

Generic Cialis is a new group of medication which allows adequate sexual stimulation, relaxes the blood vessels of the penis and helps erection.

 
At 12:24 AM, Blogger johnnysmith said...

Generic Cialis functions by inhibiting the action of an enzyme, known as PDE5. Generic Levitra helps increase the flow of blood to the penis, so it may help men with ED get and keep an erection that lasts long enough to have successful sex.

 
At 7:58 AM, Blogger sophie said...

It looks like we then have the need to buy drums and play it all the day long, huh! I am amazed!
online pharmacy without a prescription

 

Post a Comment

<< Home